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Improve your pony’s bend

Posted in Flatwork

Get your pony soft and supple with our fab guide!

Suppleness means your pony bends through his whole body in both directions. In other words, when you’re riding a bend, turn or circle, he should be bending around your inside leg in the direction you’re asking.

As well as boosting your score in dressage tests, correct bend will really help your jumping, too. You’ll be able to stay balanced through a course and have a big advantage when it comes to tight jump-off turns!

What’s in a bend?

Correct bend is when your pony’s body is curved evenly from his tail to his poll. To bend well, he needs to be balanced and relaxed, and you need to give him the right aids…

  • keep your inside leg on the girth – this is the most important part of the bend! Think about pushing your inside leg into his side to maintain the forward impulsion and allow him to curve his body around it
  • move your outside leg slightly behind the girth to control his hindquarters and stop them swinging out
  • open your inside rein slightly towards the inside of the bend to let your pony know the direction you’re asking him to turn
  • your outside rein maintains impulsion and stops your pony over-bending, so keep your fingers wrapped around the rein and your arm close to your side

TOP TIP – Look around the corner to let your pony know where you’re asking him to go. Remember to sit up tall and keep your shoulders back to stay balanced and square in the saddle.

How much is too much?

If your pony’s overbending, it’s normally because his neck is bent too much while his body is straight. You can test this by checking your view while riding on a circle.

If you can see the whole side of his face, his neck and head are bent too much. If you can just see his eyelashes and the corner of his inside eye, you’ve got just the right amount of bend!

TOP TIP – Your legs, not your hands, produce a good bend. If you just use your reins to bend, your pony won’t be supple through his body. Keep your leg on for a good bend every time!

On the straight and narrow

If your pony doesn’t bend in the direction you’re asking him, first make sure he’s had enough of a warm-up to loosen up. Then think about your aids – you’re likely to be stiff through your body and not using enough leg. Bring your shoulders down and back to relax, then focus on using your legs, rather than your hands, to make the bend.

The good news is, whether your pony has too much or not enough bend, there are loads of exercises you can do to encourage him to be more supple.

Bending poles

This is a fun way to improve your pony’s suppleness and should help if he falls in when he turns, too.

1. Set up three poles along the centre line

2. Weave between the poles, concentrating on your position and aids as you do so, making sure to change bend each time


Challenge yourself by bringing the poles close together or riding a 10m circle around each one.

TOP TIP – Jump wings work well as bending poles, or you can use buckets instead.

Half-10m circles

These are a great place to start to encourage your pony to bend on a smaller circle.

1. Start in walk and ride on the right rein towards B

2. As you reach B, look around the corner towards X and ride a half-10m circle to the right

3. Straighten up and ride two straight strides across X

4. Looking around the bend, ride another half-10m circle to the left towards E


TOP TIP – Ride the exercises on both reins to make sure your pony doesn’t favour one direction over the other.



A serpentine is made up of half-circles joined up by straight lines across the arena. In a 20x40m arena, three-loop serpentines are the most common.

1. In trot, ride on the right rein towards C

2. Looking around the bend, ride a half circle at C, coming off the track between M and B

3. Ride straight across the arena, then ask for a left bend and begin another half circle as you cross the centre line

4. Ride straight across the arena, then ride a final half circle on the right rein back to the track


Once you’ve got the hang of serpentines, take it up a level by riding a circle in each of the loops take it slowly and don’t rush, as your pony will need to stay balanced to keep a steady bend on the circle.


Spiral circles

Spiral circles are a useful tool to encourage your pony to bend through his whole body.

1. Starting in walk, ride a 20m circle

2. Once you’ve ridden one circle, gradually start decreasing the size one metre at a time

3. Bring your circle down to 15m, then slowly start increasing the size back up to 20m

4. Ride the exercise on the other rein, then give it a go in trot

TOP TIP – Once your pony becomes more supple, you can make your spiral circles smaller and bring the inner circle down to 10m.


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This Esme riding journal

September 2020

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